Plantar Fasciitis


Definition & Function

Definition: Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of a dense band of thick connective tissue that originates at the heel, extends through the arch and attaches at the toes.

Function: The fascia functions to support the arch of the foot and also acts as a shock -absorber during all weight-bearing activities.

Mechanism of Injury

Plantar fascia tissue fibres become damaged, inflamed or irritated due to sudden trauma or repeated stress (similar to a rope fraying when it is under tension).

Signs & Symptoms

  • Pain is most often experienced at the heel and/or thru the arch of the foot.
  • Morning pain and tightness is often present, and seems to improve with use.
  • Extended standing, walking, or running causes pain to reoccur and is often experienced upon rising after periods of rest.


  • Excessive or extended walking, running, jumping
  • Sudden increase in body weight
  • Improper footwear, or worn out shoes
  • Tight calf muscles and/or plantar fascia
  • Weak foot and ankle muscles
  • Poor foot posture (mechanical alignment)
  • Sudden foot trauma

Other Treatment

  • STRETCHING: BEFORE standing in the morning, and after any period of rest (such as driving, sitting at a desk)
  • ICING: 10-15 minutes after activity to relieve pain and reduce swelling (is best done with a frozen water bottle placed under foot like a rolling pin)
  • OTHER TREATMENTS may include anti- inflammatory medication, physiotherapy, massage therapy, dorsi-flexion night splint.

Getting started is easy!

Book An Appointment Online